Brain Development (pdf)

How Does the Brain Work (pdf)

When the Brain is Injured (pdf)

Brain Injury Facts and Statistics

  • More than 3.5 million children and adults sustain an acquired brain injury (ABI) each year, but the total incidence is unknown.
  • An ABI is any injury to the brain that is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma.
  • Typical cause of ABI include:
    • Electric Shock
    • Infectious Disease
    • Lightning Strike
    • Near Drowning
    • Oxygen Deprivation (Hypoxia/Anoxia)
    • Seizure Disorders
    • Stroke
    • Substance Abuse
    • Toxic Exposure
    • Trauma
    • Tumor

More than 12 million Americans live with the impact of ABI.

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a subset of ABI and is caused by trauma to the brain from an external force.
  • At least 2.5 million children and adults sustain TBIs in the US each year:
    • 2.2 million are treated in emergency departments for TBI each year.
    • 280,000 are hospitalized for TBI each year.
    • 50,000 die because of TBI each year.
  • The number of people who sustain TBIs and do not seek treatment is unknown.
  • Every 13 seconds, somone in hte US sustains a TBI.
  • One of every 60 people in the US lives with a TBI related disability.