BRAIN INJURY FACT SHEETS
Brain Development (pdf)
How Does the Brain Work (pdf)
When the Brain is Injured (pdf)
Brain Injury Facts and Statistics
- More than 3.5 million children and adults sustain an acquired brain injury (ABI) each year, but the total incidence is unknown.
- An ABI is any injury to the brain that is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma.
- Typical cause of ABI include:
- Electric Shock
- Infectious Disease
- Lightning Strike
- Near Drowning
- Oxygen Deprivation (Hypoxia/Anoxia)
- Seizure Disorders
- Substance Abuse
- Toxic Exposure
More than 12 million Americans live with the impact of ABI.
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a subset of ABI and is caused by trauma to the brain from an external force.
- At least 2.5 million children and adults sustain TBIs in the US each year:
- 2.2 million are treated in emergency departments for TBI each year.
- 280,000 are hospitalized for TBI each year.
- 50,000 die because of TBI each year.
- The number of people who sustain TBIs and do not seek treatment is unknown.
- Every 13 seconds, somone in hte US sustains a TBI.
- One of every 60 people in the US lives with a TBI related disability.